Elephants are the largest terrestrial mammals. There are two species that are traditionally recognized, the Asian elephant and the African elephant. Grown African males can reach a height of 4m and weight of 7 tons. Asian elephants are smaller. They can reach 2-3.5m of height and 3-5 tons of weight. Males leave their group and live alone or with other males. Female elephants live in large groups, where they raise their young. All elephants communicate by touch, sound and smell. Their sense of sight is very bad! Although they aren’t dangerous animals, grown males are known for attacking other animals or people.

The most known characteristic of elephants is their trunk. It can be 3m long and African elephant can lift 350kg with it or it can store 8.5L of water. The trunk is used for breading, drinking water, putting food in the mouth and sound production.

They are exclusively herbivorous animals! Elephants can live 70 years! They sleep 3-4 hours a day, and they are always moving. Every day they cross 10-12 km, but there are some records of elephants moving 90-180km from their habitat! They are moving in order to find food, water and mates. Male elephants are ready for mating at age 15. That state of high testosterone levels is known as musth. During this period they are very aggressive. The skin of an elephant is 2.5cm thick. When we add its size, we can see that grown elephant’s doesn’t have natural enemies. In history, they were killed for meat and ivory, luckily this is past! On the other side, they are still used in some countries (especially in India) for transport, moving logs into trucks or hauling loads into remote areas.


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