Facts about Horses

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals. The common specie is domestic horse. According to the research, horses evolved over the past 45-55 million years from small creatures. The interesting fact is, that before 45 million years, those creatures were hunted by large birds! In the past, horses had many purposes. They were used for transport, farming and for their meat. Today they are usually used for recreational riding, horse racing and meat.

Horses can run very fast, which enables them to escape from the predators. All horses can sleep while they are standing or lying down. The gestation period lasts 11 months. After that time, a female horse (called mare), gives birth to a one young horse (called foal). A young horse can stand on his legs almost immediately, and shortly after that, the foal can run! Domestic horses are trained from their age 2. A young horse is fully developed by the age 5. Their average lifespan is between 25 and 30 years.

A height of an adult horse is measured at the highest point, where neck meets the back. Their height varies. Light riding horses has a height between 142 and 163 cm (56-64 inches) and they can have a weight between 380 and 550kg. Larger horses can have a height between 157 and 173 cm, and a weight from 500 to 600 kg. The biggest horses are draft horses. They are tall between 163 and 183 cm and can have a weight of 700 to 1000kg.

Horses aren’t dangerous animals, but in some cases, they can bite a person or kick it with their rear legs! The most dangerous horses are stallions (a non-castrated male horse 4 years old or older).


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