Black Swallowtail butterfly

Just like its name, it has got a colorful tail which is usually found in two varieties, blue tail and yellow tail.  Its biological name is Papilio Polyxenes. It has got various names like parsnip swallow tail and American swallowtail. Like monarch and viceroy, this specie is also a specialty of Northern part of America. It is said that this specie was named after the youngest daughter of King Priam, Polyxena, who was the ruler of the famous city, Troy. This specie exhibit lek mating system and males share no part in parental care and display sites, thus females choose their partner based on these display sites. This variety feed on plants which belong to the family of Umbelliferae, among many others. Its range includes South America and Canada. They are found more in the Rocky Mountains when one considers the northern part of America. They prefer the habitats like marshes, deserts, fields and parks. They like the places which have a temperament or tropical habitats. When it lays eggs, they are of yellow color and the larvae which hatches out of it are of mixed colors of black and white but they change color when they become older. These caterpillars are toxin absorbers from the plants which they feed on, thus they taste bad for their predators and this is a weapon for them to battle against their predators. Not only that, it also releases a foul smell which repels its predators and helps it to survive.

 

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